You Don't Have to Live With Acne, Here's How to Treat It

Posted By Edge

Acne affects nearly everyone at some point in their lives. This skin condition affects many people in ways other than their appearance. This can have a significant impact on one's self-esteem and life.

Yes, it is inconvenient, but there are treatments available; however, patience is required.

Acne is a widespread skin care concern that affects people of all ages from all over the world. It usually starts during puberty. Androgen (sex hormone) levels rise during puberty, triggering an increase in sebum (oil) production.


Pathogenesis of Acne


The sebum is made to protect the skin against friction and helps to keep it moisturized. The mixture of sebum and dead skin cells clogged the pore which develops to a whitehead or blackhead.
Cutibacterium acnes, the acne-causing bacteria that normally lives on people's skin, can thrive inside a plugged pore, causing inflammation, swelling, and infection.


Micromedone
  • Hyperkeratotic infundibulum
  • Cohesive corneocytes
  • Sebum secretion
Comedone
  • Accumulation of shed comeocytes and sebum
  • Dilation of follicular ostium
Inflammatory Papule/Pustule
  • Further expansion of follicular unit
  • Proliferation of Proprionibacterium acnes
  • Perifollicular inflammation
Nodule
  • Rupture of follicular wall
  • Marked perifollicular inflammation
  • Scarring

Acne can appear nearly anywhere on the body. The face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders are the most commonly affected areas. When you have acne, you may experience any or all of the following forms of skin lesions:




Whitehead

A small white or skin colored bump protruding from the skin. It is formed when a pore gets clogged by sebum and dead skin cells.



Blackhead

A small bump protruding from the skin but the top of the pore is open resulting to a black color seen on the surface. Same as whitehead, it is formed when a pore is clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. 



Papule

A small raised reddish bump on the skin without pus. It is caused by an inflamed or infected hair follicle.






Pustule

It is also caused by an inflamed or infected hair follicle but unlike papule, this is filled with pus. The bump is usually red in color.


Nodule

This is usually bigger and more painful than papule. When the inflammation in the pore goes deeper into the skin this results to a lump under the skin. It may be skin toned, but it can also turn red as the area gets more inflamed.

 

Risk Factors of Acne


Acne is caused by a complex and complicated set of causes. There are several reasons that can cause your skin to produce excessive amounts of oil or create an atmosphere conducive to acne. Here are a few examples:

  • Hormones: When hormone fluctuates, especially testosterone, it stimulates the excessive sebum production from the sebaceous glands. This occurs during puberty and the menstrual cycle.
  • Genetics: Research has shown that genetics have an impact upon your chances of having acne. If your parents had acne at any point in their lives, more likely you can have it too.
  • Environment: Environmental factor such as Pollution have been shown to cause skin irritation and acne breakouts.
  • Stress: Stress doesn't cause acne, but it can make it worse. When you are stressed, you release a hormone called cortisol, which is a steroid hormone that affects the sebum production and over time, it can increase the probability of acne.
  • Diet: Greasy food, fast food, and foods that cause insulin spikes, such as refined sugar or carbohydrates, can promote acne. Insulin makes androgen hormones more active and in turn, this increases the production of sebum in the oil glands.
  • Medication: Certain prescriptions may aggravate acne. These include some antidepressants, anti-epileptics, and anti-tuberculosis drugs.


Acne is difficult to avoid due to the numerous factors that contribute to it. However, with the right products and early treatment, acne can be prevented from worsening and leaving scars.


Here are some skincare regimens for Acne from:




Cleanser

Encapsulated Benzoyl Peroxide (4.5%) eliminates acne-causing bacteria to reduce irritation and prevents future breakouts.

*Use twice daily.

Contains 2% Salicylic Acid that washes away surface debris, deeply clears pores, and controls oil production to prevent new acne blemishes, blackheads, and whiteheads.

*Use twice a day but if bothersome dryness or peeling occurs, reduce application to once a day or every other day.

 

Exfoliator Facial Mask

A rejuvenating at-home peel formulated with glycolic acid that exfoliates and re-texturizes the skin.

*Apply a thin layer to cleansed face and neck. Leave on for 10 minutes and rinse with warm water. Pat skin dry. Apply two to three times per week or as directed by your physician.

Penetrates deeply to reduce breakouts and soothe inflammation, clears and minimizes pores and reduces surface oils, and helps eliminate blackheads, whiteheads, and pimples. Cleanse the skin thoroughly before applying this mask.

*Apply a generous amount to the entire face and neck, or as directed by your physician. Avoid eyes, nostrils, and lips. Leave on skin for 20-25 minutes. Remove with lukewarm water in a gentle circular motion. Pat dry. Use one to three times a week, or as directed by your physician.

 

Toner


A light, refreshing toner that provides a deeper cleanse while controlling oil production and unclogging pores to heal and prevent blemishes, blackheads, and whiteheads. 

*After cleansing, apply toner to a cotton pad and gently apply over the affected area one to three times daily. Do not rinse. If bothersome dryness or peeling occurs,  reduce application to once a day or every other day.

Treatment (Day) Treatment (Day) Treatment (Night)

A tinted spot treatment that heals, prevents and camouflages blemishes. It helps to control breakouts for healthier-looking skin. Matte Finish.

*Cover the affected area with a thin layer one to three times daily.

A lightweight salicylic acid facial lotion that helps prevent acne blemishes and keeps skin hydrated.

*Cleanse the skin thoroughly before applying medication. Cover the affected area(s) with a thin layer one to three times daily, or as directed by your physician. If bothersome dryness or peeling occurs, reduce application to once a day or every other day.

A facial gel that eliminates the acne-causing bacteria while minimizing potential irritation.

*Cleanse the skin thoroughly before applying medication. Cover the affected area(s) with a thin layer one to three times daily, or as directed by your physician.

 

Moisturizer (Day) Moisturizer (Night)

A mattifying hydrating lotion for normal to oily skin that exfoliates dead skin cells to diminish fine lines, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, and breakouts, leading to a smoother and brighter complexion while adding lightweight, non-greasy hydration.

*Apply daily to cleansed face and neck or as described by your physician.

A rich, rejuvenating cream that moisturizes while providing skin rejuvenation.

*Apply daily to cleansed face and neck or as directed by your physician.

 

Sunscreen

A lightweight, mineral facial sunscreen to hydrate and protect all skin types. Formulated with mineral UVA/UVB filters and Active Stress Defense Technology, it protects your skin from oxidative stress.

*Apply daily on the face as the last morning routine step and 15 minutes before sun exposure. Reapply every 2 hours.


Acne treatment comes in a variety of forms. However, the treatment that is best for you is determined by your specific condition. If lifestyle changes and home care treatments are ineffective, you can consult a dermatologist who will examine your condition and prescribe medication. Remember to do your research before purchasing a product and to patch test it before using it.


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